Facts, Identification and Control
Size: Cockroaches can get as bit as 3.5 inches in length but the average roach is between 1 and 2 inches in length and no more than 30 grams in weight.
Color: All cockroaches come in varying shades of reddish-brown. Cockroaches are generalized insects, which means their bodies are divided into a thorax with three separate sections with a flattened body, large compound eyes, flexible antennae, and six legs.
Behavior and Diet
Cockroaches are omnivorous. They'll eat just about anything and don't need a lot to survive. In fact, they don't need food to survive for up to two or three months.
However, they do need water to live, which is why buildings near standing water, have leaky plumbing or dank, dug-out cellars often suffer roach infestations.
Roaches live to burrow, dig, and roll around in any filth they can find. In addition, they carry thick layers of bacteria on their exoskeletons that are implicated in spreading diseases such as salmonella, E. coli, typhoid and fungal parasites. Because they can slip through cracks mere millimeters in size, roaches are capable of reaching every conceivable space in your home or business, and can spread harmful bacteria to those spaces.
The average natural lifespan of a cockroach is up to a year and in that year a single female can give birth to eggs up to, on average, eight different times. Each of those egg cases can have around 50 eggs in it. This means, if conditions are favorable, that means that a single female cockroach can produce between 3 and 400 offspring.
Signs of Cockroach Infestation
Signs of a roach infestation include finding pieces of their exoskeletons along with black specks (feces) lying everywhere. As with most infestations, visible confirmation is also common - if you turn the light on at night and have a roach infestation, you’re likely to see them scurrying across the floor.
Treatment and Prevention
There are many things you can do to prevent cockroaches from getting in in the first place. The biggest piece of advice we can give you is to keep things clean. Roaches love dirt and garbage, so remove a potential living space for them by keeping your living space or business consistently clean.
A few other cockroach prevention tips include:
Search for and seal outdoor gaps or cracks in door frames, window sills, utility line entries, and your foundation to take away potential entryways.
Store garbage containers away from your homes entry points.
Keep all indoor food in airtight containers and never leave food waste out or unwashed dishes in your sink overnight.
Make sure your pipes are properly insulated to prevent indoor condensation.
While there are over the counter insecticides, glue baits, and powders out on the market, roaches are incredibly hardy creatures. More often than not, if you have a cockroach infestation, your best bet is to immediately call professionals to take care of the problem instead of wasting time and money on lesser options.